Estimating the Economic Cost of Domestic Violence
Notwithstanding the human rights principles that underline Governments’ obligation to combat violence against women and ensure the protection of all women and girls from all forms of violence, domestic violence against women also impacts the national economy. The model for Estimating the Economic Cost of Domestic Violence was developed by ESCWA and UN-Women to guide countries in assessing the economic impact of domestic violence. The model provides details on how to estimate the costs incurred at the household and institutional levels.
Why Cost Domestic Violence?
Designing a comprehensive approach to respond to and end domestic violence necessitates a thorough understanding of its economic cost. This tool has multiple effects and is crucial in devising the appropriate policy directives.
Who Estimated the Economic Cost of Violence Against Women?
Many countries in the world have estimated the economic cost of violence against women. For an illustration on the type of violence costed by each country and its calculated monetary value click on the following map.
Impact of Domestic Violence
The effects of domestic violence are devastating for women, children, the society and the overall economy of a country. Domestic violence has multiple adverse effects on women’s health, impacting their participation in the labor market and causing lost productivity to the entire economy.
Proposed Steps for Arab State to Cost Domestic Violence
A number of practical steps is required to initiate and complete a national costing exercise for domestic violence. These steps take into consideration the specificity of the Arab region while putting in place actions to ensure adequate data collection and management.
This model involves three overarching phases:
National Consultation Phase
Issues to Consider When Costing Domestic Violence
When costing domestic violence, there are four issues to consider to ensure that the exercise is in line with international ethical standards and provides accurate information.
Click on the following to learn more about the four issues:
Methodology and Type of Costs
Levels of Cost of Domestic Violence
Costing Model for the Arab Region
The information base on domestic violence is fragmented and unreliable in the Arab region. It requires a tailor-made framework to ensure that the results of the costing exercise are meaningful.
Data Sources And Options for Cost Calculations
To implement the costing framework, information must be drawn from multiple sources, including the following:
- Primary data from existing statistical surveys, such as the demographic health survey implementing common module on domestic violence, Multi-Cluster Indicator Surveys, Labour Force Surveys, Living Standards Measurement Surveys (only available in Iraq and Morocco), Time Use Surveys, Iraq Women Integrated Social and Health Survey, census reports, ILO Global Wage Database;
- Budget information from key ministries;
- Project documents of international organizations and non-governmental organizations;
- Relevant documentation, reports and statistics to frame the study, including any dedicated prevalence studies as undertaken in some Arab countries.
Capacity Development: An Ongoing process
Estimating the economic cost of domestic violence is a new approach to the Arab region. Capacity development for all national stakeholders is central to the success of this exercise and will ensure the roll out of its results.
|Marital violence in the Arab region||Guidelines to Estimate the Economic Cost of Domestic Violence in the Arab region||Status of Arab Women Report 2017 Violence against Women|
Focus Area: Gender equality
Initiatives: Preventing Violence Against Women and Girls
SDGs: Goal 5: Gender Equality